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Basic Collection Information and Status
Corn/Maize (Zea mays, Poaceae)
Cultural Affiliation   n/a
Collection Site   New Mexico, United States (latitude: 36°; altitude: 5,500 ft / 1,700 m)
Collection Year   1994
Accession Status   Active
Catalog Information and Instructions
Velarde Azul y BlancoZL075
Kernels are light & dark blue, speckled, w/a few pinkish and white. The ears are fat – up to 2" wide and 8-12" long. From Velarde, NM, and grown along the Rio Grande.
Current availability of this variety is summarized below. We encourage the use of these seeds to benefit humanity and strive to facilitate access through a number of channels.
        Seeds of this variety are not currently available for distribution. If you are interested in this accession for research, seed increase, or repatriation purposes, please contact us.
Collection Site
The circle in the map below shows the area where this accession was collected (why isn't the precise locality shown
?Precise collection localities are hidden in order to protect the privacy of the original donors of the seeds in the NS/S collection.
). You have not specified a reference site, but you may specify one and rerun your search.
The graphs below summarize aspects of the climate for this accession's collection site. You have not specified a reference site, but you may specify one and rerun your search.
The Native Seeds/SEARCH digital photo collection for this accession is provided below.
ZM02-130 Voucher3ZM02-130 bb94025 Fr1ZM02-130 CF06 FrZM02-130 CF06 Fr1ZM02-130 CF06 P1ZM02-130 CF06 S1ZM02-130 Voucher1ZM02-130 Voucher2ZM02-130 Fr
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Characterization and Evaluation
The table below lists observations of this accession's characteristics (why are characters sometimes listed more than once
?For some accessions, observations of a particular trait have been recorded over more than one season or location; these are indicated by the different values in the Lot column.
CharacterObservationLot, Frequency and CommentsCharacter Description (Source and Code)
cob colorAll whitelot: CF '06 (Bioversity 6.2.9)
cob length20.12 cmlot: CF '06 (Bioversity 6.2.3)
kernel colorSome solid blue ears, most blue and white kernels, some light purple kernels, a good number of 'pinto' (speckled) kernelslot: CF '06Indicate at most three colors in order of frequency (Bioversity 4.3.2)
kernel length91.09 glot: CF '06Average of 10 consecutive grains of a row in the middle of the highest ear, measured with a caliper (Bioversity 6.3.1)
kernel row arrangementRegularlot: CF '06  comments: Most frequent stateUse the highest cob (Bioversity 4.2.3: 1)
kernel typeFlourylot: CF '06  frequency: 1.00 (Bioversity 4.3.1)
kernel width84.00 glot: CF '06Average of 10 consecutive grains of a row in the middle of the highest ear, measured with a caliper (Bioversity 6.3.2)
number of kernel rows15.05lot: CF '06Counting the rows of grains in the central part of the highest ear (Bioversity 4.2.4)
stem colorGreenlot: CF '06  frequency: 1.00At the time of flowering. Observed between the two higher ears (Bioversity 4.1.9: 1)
Corn/Maize IntroductionCultivation InstructionsSeed Saving Instructions
Domesticated in Mexico by 6,700 B.C., corn is a staple food and has many ritual uses. These kernels may be of either a hard, flinty texture or soft and floury. When dry, flints generally store better and have greater resistance to insect damage.In early spring or with summer rains, plant seeds 1" deep. If rows, plant seeds 12" apart; or 3-4 seeds 18" apart in basins (for arid regions) or hills. Needs rich soil & moisture. Heat, aridity & high winds can all reduce pollination.An annual, corn is wind-pollinated, and all varieties will cross. Hand-pollination (with bagging) or staggered planting times is necessary to keep seeds pure if multiple varieties are grown. Allow ears to mature and dry on the plant.
If you have questions or feedback about this accession or the ADAPTS platform in general, please contact us.

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